Therapeutic Internal Carotid Artery Occlusion for Large and Giant Aneurysms: A Single Center Cohort of 146 Patients.

Bechan RS1, Majoie CB2, Sprengers ME2, Peluso JP1, Sluzewski M1, van Rooij WJ3.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: At our institution, patients with large or giant ICA aneurysms are preferably treated with endovascular ICA balloon occlusion. Alternative treatment or conservative treatment is offered only for patients who cannot tolerate permanent ICA occlusion. In this observational study, we report the clinical and imaging results of ICA occlusion for aneurysms in a large singlecenter patient cohort.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 1995 and January 2015, occlusion of the ICA was considered in 146 patients with large or giant ICA aneurysms. Ninety-six patients (66%) passed the angiographic test occlusion, and, in 88 of these 96 patients (92%), the ICA was permanently occluded. In 11 of 88 patients with angiographic tolerance, ICA occlusion was performed with the patient under general anesthesia without clinical testing.

RESULTS: There was 1 hypoperfusion infarction after hypovolemic shock from a large retroperitoneal hematoma (complication rate 1.1% [95% CI, 1%-6.8%]). The mean imaging and clinical follow-up was 35 months (median 18 months; range, 3-180 months). On the latest MR imaging, 87 of 88 aneurysms (99%) were completely occluded and 61 of 80 aneurysms (76%) were decreased in size or completely obliterated. Of 62 patients who presented with cranial nerve dysfunction by mass effect of the aneurysm, 30 (48%) were cured, 25 (40%) improved, 6 (10%) were unchanged, and 1 patient (2%) was hemiplegic after a complication.

CONCLUSIONS: ICA occlusion for large and giant aneurysms after angiographic test occlusion was safe and effective. Two-thirds of eligible patients passed the angiographic test. Most aneurysms shrunk, and most cranial nerve dysfunctions were cured or improved.

doi: 10.3174/ajnr.A4487

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